4 Jan 1809 – 6 Jan 1852
After an accident with a stitching awl that left him blind at the age of three, Braille went on to become a history, geometry and algebra teacher at the Royal Institute for Blind Youth, as well as an accomplished cellist and organist.
At age 15 he devised a written language for the blind, and by his late 30s had published several books on mathematics and music using the system.
He died at the age of 43 in 1852. Through the overwhelming insistence of blind pupils, Braille’s system was adopted by the Royal Institute in 1854. It spread from France to the entire world. For over a century, this revolutionary method of communication has transformed the lives of millions.